Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Master´s study programme

Entrance Examinations

Biology
General characteristics of living systems
The history of the earth and origin of life on earth. Living systems, their origin and evolution. An individual and a species. Features of organisms, their dependence on the environment, taxonomy. Evolution, Darwinism.

Structure of living systems
Chemical composition of living systems. Non-cellular forms of living systems. The cell – basic unit of living systems. Prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell. Cellular metabolism. Cell division. Chromosomes, gene expression, DNA replication. Chemical composition of cells, cellular organelles. Unicellular organisms. Multicellular organisms, metabolism, control of processes in organisms, reproduction. Vital functions and individual development of organisms (viruses, bacteria, unicellular organisms, fungi, plants, animals). Animal colonies and societies (“individuals of higher order”).

Genetics
Molecular and cytologic basis of inheritance. Recombination and mutation. Mendelism, heredity in multicellular organisms. Basic population genetics.

Zoology
Animal metabolism, body temperature. Gas exchange between animals and environment, circulation of internal fluids, excretion. Hormonal and neural regulation. Senses. Locomotion. Ontogeny. Classification and phylogeny of invertebrates and vertebrates. Ethology, geographic distribution of animals.
Protozoans (Protozoa). Origins of multicellularity. Sponges (Porifera), cnidarians (Cnidaria), ctenophores (Ctenophora), flatworms (Platyhelminthes), nematodes (Nematoda), rotifers (Rotifera), molluscs (Mollusca), annelids (Annelida), arthropods (Arthropoda), echinoderms (Echinodermata), chordates (Chordata).

Human biology
Human evolution. Skeletal, muscular, circulatory (including blood), respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, integumentary, sensory, regulatory systems. Ontogeny. Health and disease.

Botany
Structure of plant cell, tissues, vital functions and individual development of plants. Nutrition and respiration in plants. Plant movements. Lower plants, higher plants, fungi.

Ecology
Organisms and environment, populations, biological communities, ecosystems. Ecological niche.
Abiotic and biotic components of environment. Trophic (food) ecology. Environmental care. Nature conservation. Domestication and breeding of laboratory animals.

Chemistry
I. Inorganic Chemistry

1) Basics of chemical nomenclature
- Inorganic compounds
- Organic compounds

2) Basics of inorganic chemistry
- Atoms: structure, orbitals and quantum numbers
- Chemical bonds – covalent, ionic, coordination

3) Chemical reactions
- Basic concepts of stoichiometry
- Chemical equation writing
- Chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants
- Sorts of chemical reactions (redox, substitution, decomposition, partner-exchange etc.)
- Reaction rates
- Solutions
- Strong and weak electrolytes
- Ion product constant of water
- pH

4) Periodic system
- Features of elements in context to their position in the periodic system
- Properties, behaviour, important reactions and compounds of
- Non-metals (namely Halogens, H, C, Si, N, P,O,S),
- s-Block metals (namely Alkali Metals and Alkaline Earth Metals),
- p-Bloc metals (namely Group III metals)
- d-Block Elements

II.Organic Chemistry

1) Basics of organic chemistry
- Carbon and its hybridisation states in organic substances
- Important kinds of organic reactions
- Properties of organic compounds, functional groups
- Basics of isomerism in organic chemistry

2) Hydrocarbons
- saturated, unsaturated, aromatic
3) Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons
4) Alcohols
5) Phenols
6) Ethers
7) Aldehydes and Ketones
8) Carboxylic acids and their derivatives
9) Biologically important groups of organic compounds (basic structures, reactions and properties)
- Carbohydrates
- Lipids
- Proteins
- Nucleic Acids

Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology

Master´s study programme

Entrance Examinations

Biology

General characteristics of living systems

The history of the earth and origin of life on earth.
Living systems, their origin and evolution.
An individual and a species.
Features of organisms, their dependence on the environment, taxonomy.
Evolution, Darwinism.
Structure of living systems

Chemical composition of living systems.
Non-cellular forms of living systems.
The cell, basic unit of living systems. Prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell. Unicellular organisms, multicellular organisms.
Chemical composition of cells, cellular organelles.
Vital functions and individual development of organisms (viruses, bacteria, unicellular organisms, fungi, plants, animals). Animal colonies and societies (“individuals of higher order”).
Cellular metabolism.
Cell division and reproduction.
Chromosomes, gene expression, DNA replication.
Genetics

Molecular and cytologic basis of inheritance.
Recombination and mutation.
Mendelism, heredity in multicellular organisms.
Basic population genetics.
Zoology

Animal metabolism, body temperature. Gas exchange between animals and environment, circulation of internal fluids, excretion.
Hormonal and neural regulation.
Senses.
Locomotion.
Ontogeny.
Classification and phylogeny of invertebrates and vertebrates.
Ethology, geographic distribution of animals.
Protozoans (Protozoa). Origins of multicellularity. Sponges (Porifera), cnidarians (Cnidaria), ctenophores (Ctenophora), flatworms (Platyhelminthes), nematodes (Nematoda), rotifers (Rotifera), molluscs (Mollusca), annelids (Annelida), arthropods (Arthropoda), echinoderms (Echinodermata), chordates (Chordata).
Human biology

Human evolution.
Skeletal, muscular, circulatory (including blood), respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, integumentary, sensory, regulatory systems.
Ontogeny.
Health and disease.
Botany

Structure of plant cell and tissues.
Vital functions and individual development of plants.
Nutrition and respiration in plants.
Plant movements.
Lower plants, higher plants, fungi.
Ecology

Organisms and environment, populations, biological communities.
Ecosystems. Ecological niche.
Abiotic and biotic components of environment.
Trophic (food) ecology. Environmental care. Nature conservation.
Domestication and breeding of laboratory animals.
Recommended literature: Campbell, Reece: Biology.

Chemistry

Basics of chemical nomenclature

Inorganic compounds
Organic compounds

Basics of inorganic chemistry

Atoms: structure, orbitals and quantum numbers
Chemical bonds – covalent, ionic, coordination

Chemical reactions

Basic concepts of stoichiometry
Chemical equation writing
Chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants
Sorts of chemical reactions (redox, substitution, decomposition, partner-exchange etc.)
Reaction rates
Solutions
Strong and weak electrolytes
Ion product constant of water
pH
Periodic system

Features of elements in context to their position in the periodic system
Properties, behaviour, important reactions and compounds of:
              - Non-metals (namely Halogens, H, C, Si, N, P,O,S),
              - s-Block metals (namely Alkali Metals and Alkaline Earth Metals)
              - p-Bloc metals (namely Group III metals)
              - d-Block Elements

Organic Chemistry

Basics of organic chemistry

Carbon and its hybridisation states in organic substances
Important kinds of organic reactions
Properties of organic compounds, functional groups
Basics of isomerism in organic chemistry
 Hydrocarbons

saturated, unsaturated, aromatic
Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons
Alcohols
Phenols
Ethers
Aldehydes and Ketones
Carboxylic acids and their derivatives

Biologically important groups of organic compounds (basic structures, reactions and properties)

Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids

Bachelor´s study programme

Entrance Examinations

Entrance examination - biology
Bachelor’s study programme in English language
The written exam in biology has a form of a test, which consists of questions and multiple choice answers (just one is correct) and questions that are to be answered in one or more words. The test contains a total of 40 questions; a correct answer is valued 1 point, thus the maximal result in the biology test is 40 points.


Topic for BIOLOGY entrance test
General characteristics of living systems

The history of the earth and origin of life on earth.
Living systems, their origin and evolution.
An individual and a species.
Features of organisms, their dependence on the environment, taxonomy.
Evolution, Darwinism.
Structure of living systems

Chemical composition of living systems.
Non-cellular forms of living systems.
The cell, basic unit of living systems. Prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell. Unicellular organisms, multicellular organisms.
Chemical composition of cells, cellular organelles.
Vital functions and individual development of organisms (viruses, bacteria, unicellular organisms, fungi, plants, animals). Animal colonies and societies (“individuals of higher order”).
Cellular metabolism.
Cell division and reproduction.
Chromosomes, gene expression, DNA replication.
Genetics

Molecular and cytologic basis of inheritance.
Recombination and mutation.
Mendelism, heredity in multicellular organisms.
Basic population genetics.
Zoology

Animal metabolism, body temperature. Gas exchange between animals and environment, circulation of internal fluids, excretion.
Hormonal and neural regulation.
Senses.
Locomotion.
Ontogeny.
Classification and phylogeny of invertebrates and vertebrates.
Ethology, geographic distribution of animals.
Protozoans (Protozoa). Origins of multicellularity. Sponges (Porifera), cnidarians (Cnidaria), ctenophores (Ctenophora), flatworms (Platyhelminthes), nematodes (Nematoda), rotifers (Rotifera), molluscs (Mollusca), annelids (Annelida), arthropods (Arthropoda), echinoderms (Echinodermata), chordates (Chordata).
Human biology

Human evolution.
Skeletal, muscular, circulatory (including blood), respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, integumentary, sensory, regulatory systems.
Ontogeny.
Health and disease.
Botany

Structure of plant cell and tissues.
Vital functions and individual development of plants.
Nutrition and respiration in plants.
Plant movements.
Lower plants, higher plants, fungi.
Ecology

Organisms and environment, populations, biological communities.
Ecosystems. Ecological niche.
Abiotic and biotic components of environment.
Trophic (food) ecology. Environmental care. Nature conservation.
Domestication and breeding of laboratory animals.
Recommended literature: Campbell, Reece: Biology.

Bachelor’s study programme in the English language
The written exam in chemistry has a form of a test, where the answer is a concrete formula, chemical equation, schema, drawing or solving and an arithmetical problem. The test contains a total of 17 questions; a correct answer is valued according to its difficulty 1-3 points, and the maximal score can be obtained 37 points.


Topics for CHEMISTRY entrance test
Inorganic Chemistry

Basics of chemical nomenclature

Inorganic compounds
Organic compounds

Basics of inorganic chemistry

Atoms: structure, orbitals and quantum numbers
Chemical bonds – covalent, ionic, coordination

Chemical reactions

Basic concepts of stoichiometry
Chemical equation writing
Chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants
Sorts of chemical reactions (redox, substitution, decomposition, partner-exchange etc.)
Reaction rates
Solutions
Strong and weak electrolytes
Ion product constant of water
pH
Periodic system

Features of elements in context to their position in the periodic system
Properties, behaviour, important reactions and compounds of:
              - Non-metals (namely Halogens, H, C, Si, N, P,O,S),
              - s-Block metals (namely Alkali Metals and Alkaline Earth Metals)
              - p-Bloc metals (namely Group III metals)
              - d-Block Elements

Organic Chemistry

Basics of organic chemistry

Carbon and its hybridisation states in organic substances
Important kinds of organic reactions
Properties of organic compounds, functional groups
Basics of isomerism in organic chemistry
 Hydrocarbons

saturated, unsaturated, aromatic
Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons
Alcohols
Phenols
Ethers
Aldehydes and Ketones
Carboxylic acids and their derivatives

Biologically important groups of organic compounds (basic structures, reactions and properties)

Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids



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